A quick Google search doesn’t give me much, and the only options I tihk are to go through all of the backlinks in the pane, or programmatically looking through every single note. If Obsidian has backlinks, then they should be available via the API.
If you want to remove all links in the vault that point to the current note, you could use
- the Global Search and Replace community plugin
- a text editor that can do search-replace across multiple files
- Obsidian’s built-in Replace. It doesn’t operate across files, but it stays open when you change files, so you can click Replace All, click to the next note in your backlinks (or a search for links to your note), and repeat with surprising speed.